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Contact | Privacy | Accessiblity Authorised by Jonathan Hawkes, National Party of Australia, 7 National Circuit, Barton ACT 2600, OUR PLAN FOR A STRONGER REGIONAL AUSTRALIA, Budget 2020: Ministerial Statement on Rural and Regional Budget Outcomes, BUDGET 2020: The Nationals In Government Deliver for Regional Australia, BUDGET 2020: Building 21st Century Water Infrastructure, BUDGET 2020: Federal Budget Prioritises Life-Saving Road Safety Investments, Quality local healthcare and education choices, Local roads, transport and infrastructure that works, Protecting our local way of life for future generations. In 1960, a peaceful anti- pass law protest in Sharpeville (near Johannesburg) ended when police opened fire, massacring 70 protesters and wounding about 190 others. Malan said after the election: “Today South Africa belongs to us once more. This Pact resulted in the defeat of the SAP in the 27 June 1924 general elections. In the world of big business Rembrandt, Sanlam, Volkskas and other Afrikaner enterprises soon began to earn the respect of their English rivals. Britain left the gold standard on 21 September 1931, and Tielman Roos returned to politics in 1932 to oppose Hertzog in his position to retain the gold standard. The Rebellion was the result of severe labour unrest that had been simmering for some time. Some enthusiastic supporters of the British Empire’s presence in South Africa described him as anti-British, and called for his removal from government. Malan's National Party, in alliance with N.C. Havenga's Afrikaner Party, won with a razor-thin majority of five seats and only 40% of the overall electoral vote. This was the last straw for Hertzog and he left the SAP to form the National Party. This offended English-speaking South Africans and stood in opposition to Botha’s policies of national unity. The Declaration became a law in 1931 with the Statute of Westminster, and the Pact Government’s greatest progress was made in industrial legislation and economy. But with the shadow of the Cold War falling over the world, the priority for Western governments was to prevent South Africa, with its minerals and strategic location, from falling under communist influence. In the early 1970s, increasing numbers of whites (especially students) protested apartheid, and the National party itself was divided, largely on questions of race relations, into the somewhat liberal verligte [Afrikaans=enlightened] faction and the conservative verkrampte [Afrikaans,=narrow-minded] group. Hertzog was Prime Minister and also Minister of Native Affairs. Therefore, HF Verwoerd remained on as the Prime Minister of the country. In 1984, a new constitution was enacted which provided for a Tricameral Parliament. Whites were protected in the labour market, and a system of influx control that stemmed from Black urbanization lead to the creation of designated 'homelands' for Blacks. Die Burger newspaper was therefore created in the Cape on 26 July 1915 for this specific purpose, with D. F. Malan as editor. A wave of strikes and riots marked the 10th anniversary of the Soweto uprising in 1987. The African National Congress (ANC) and other liberation organisations were legalized and Nelson Mandela was released after twenty-seven years of imprisonment. Since Hertzog’s policies were orientated towards Afrikaner nationalism, most of his supporters were Afrikaans people. While retaining their economic dominance, English-speakers continued to hold the key to future domestic fixed investment, and to foreign fixed investment. The result of the 1948 election dismayed Britain, South Africa's principal foreign investor and trading partner. They also identified with a culture that was vastly richer and more diverse than Afrikaans culture. After the 1929 election Hertzog still gave his Pact partner, the LP, some representation in the new cabinet - with Colonel F. H. P. Creswell keeping the portfolios of Defence and Labour, while H. W. Sampson was named Minister of Posts and Telegraphs. In 1966, Prime Minister Verwoerd was assassinated by a discontented White government employee, and B.J. The new parliament subsequently re-elected President Mbeki. Hertzog's close confidant, N. C. Havenga of the Orange Free State was made Minister of Finance. The General Assembly of the United Nations became an effective platform for the nations of the Third World to vent their anger over centuries of Western domination, and apartheid soon became the focus of their wrath. It provided for a strong presidency and eliminated provisions guaranteeing White-led and other minority party representation in the government. In 1977, the death of Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko in police custody (under suspicious circumstances) prompted protests and sanctions. They are the only English group of any size in the world today that is, and will remain for some time, a ruled, subordinated minority.

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