The city gate: Not far from the Canaanite gate, a city gate from the 10th century BCE was found. The Water Tunnel of Megiddo At the bottom of the vertical shaft, the workers of Megiddo dug a horizontal tunnel nearly 220 feet long, to the cave where the spring was located. He [Lab’ayu] seeks to destroy Megiddo (Pritchard 1958: 263). Events Later the tunnel was deepened so that the water flowed to the base of the vertical shaft, where water could be drawn from above. 7 This section is a summary of the last chapter in A Visual Guide to Bible to Bible Events, Martin, Beck and Hansen 2009: 258–59. And now we are reaching, in my opinion, the most impressive construction in Megiddo, The Water System (#20): The water system probably began as a reservoir in King Solomon’s day, when a path between parallel walls led to the spring outside the city walls. 8 Whether one views this battle as literally occurring within the Jezreel Plain or believes the Jezreel Plain is symbolic of the battle location, these insights apply. 1975 Hazor: The Rediscovery of a Great Citadel of the Bible. For an in-depth treatment of this issue see Hansen 2003: 14–20 and Young 2008: 109–123. Megiddo’s strategic importance lay in one’s ability to use its nearby hill to monitor such traffic. For full screen click icon in upper right corner. Toni standing on the hill … Thutmosis moved a large army from Egypt to a place just south of the entrance to the Wadi ‘Ara. When George Adam Smith, a late 19th-century AD traveler, stood on Mount Gilboa and surveyed the Jezreel Plain, he wrote: The valley was green with bush and dotted by white villages...But the rest of the plain [as] a great expanse of loam, red and black, which in a more peaceful land would be one sea of waving wheat with island villages; but has mostly been what its modern name implies, a free, wild prairie...(1966: 253). Compare this with the drawing above. Dated to the middle of the 3rd century, this may be the oldest church discovered in Israel. All rights reserved: Israel Nature and Parks Authority 2019 |, * So for touristic and travel purposes, Megiddo and Tel Megiddo National Park are the same.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'israel_in_photos_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',143,'0','0'])); Tel Megiddo National Park is located near Kibbutz Megiddo at Northern Israel in the Jezreel Valley. About 80 percent of the whole collection is letters to and from the rulers of citysates in Canaan (Pfeiffer 1963: 13). The buildings were about twenty-one meters long by eleven meters wide. The governor he appointed to Megiddo’s district was required to annually supply Solomon’s palace with a month’s worth of provisions (1 Kgs 4:7, 12). Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land. The Megiddo water system. Round altar in temple complex at Megiddo (Steve Peterson), According to an archaeology guide, K. Kris Hirst, “The archaeological site of Megiddo, known as Tell el-Mutesellim, has had more rubbish written about it in science fiction and horror movies and books than any other single archaeological site on the planet.”. Before it was built, the residents had to go out of the city gate on the other side of Megiddo. During one of our visits, we joined a 10 am Saturday free tour. Is It Time to Throw Away Your Bible? Not all of the smart people live in the 21st century A.D. Pingback: King Ahab: An Archaeological Biography – Bible Archaeology Report, I’m afraid your article is out of date Believed to be from the middle of the 3rd century — before Christianity became the religion of the Roman Empire — it evidently served Christian soldiers in the two Roman legions based there, as well as the local Christian community. The next photo was made near the top of the steps that lead from the spring to the exit. The inhabitants of Megiddo dug a huge shaft, 25 m deep, from which they quarried out a horizontal tunnel that extends 70 m to a spring in a cave outside the city walls. The Israel Antiquities Authority has recommended moving the prison to a new location so the discoveries can be displayed. Under circumstances that are not certain, the Bible reports that Josiah “marched out to meet him [Neco] in battle, but Neco faced him and killed him at Megiddo” (2 Kgs 23:29). During a siege this aqueduct meant life or death for the city. In the lower center right of the 19-acre summit is the gate system. Aharoni, in his comprehensive historical geography of the Holy Land, lists four criteria for occupation: strategic location, access to roads, water and agricultural lands (Aharoni 1979: 106–107). In later times Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Muslims, Crusaders, Mamlukes, Mongols, Persians, French, Ottomans, British, Germans, Arabs and Israelis all fought in this blood-soaked sector of the Holy Land. And the city of Megiddo was in the tribe of Menashe and is mentioned in the context of the tribe’s failure to inherit the city. It is in a hill called Tel Megiddo or Mount Megiddo at the beginning of the Jezreel Valley, otherwise known as the site for the battle of Armageddon. ( Log Out / Notice the gate and the tunnel. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins. We went through the exit and along the car road back to the Tel Megiddo entrance. Archaeologists also debate whether they were stables, some arguing they were too small for horses and were more likely storehouses, markets or even barracks for troops. Bible and Spade 8: 47–53. And free for National Parks annual subscribers. They found 20 layers of different cities. The temple area: An interesting site in the “large section” excavated by the early archaeological expeditions at Megiddo. Your support now will help strengthen marriages, equip parents to raise godly children, save preborn babies, reach out to orphans and more by supporting our daily broadcasts, online and print resources, counseling, and life-changing initiatives. Separating the main corridor from outside aisles was a series of stone pillars. During the early days of my visits I prepared a book about places we visited throughout the Bible Lands. He also accuses Labayu, the king of Shechem, of giving land to the Habiru (Pritchard 1958: 270–72). Temple complex, with plain of Jezreel seen through archaeologists’ trench (Seetheholyland.net). Email me at, Tel Megiddo National Park – Visitors Guide. The gate was part of the fortifications of the kings of Israel, and appears to have been built in the days of King Ahab. All sources that I found (including Wikipedia, Britannica, and others) suggest the same. A destruction layer in several buildings at Megiddo denotes the arrival of the Assyrians. The king of Shechem apparently then used his association with the Hebrews as an opportunity to attack some of his neighbors, including Megiddo. During the 1929 excavations of Megiddo, Clarence Fisher found a fragment from a stele erected by Shishak that commemorated his capture of the city. The city undoubtedly fell to Tiglath-Pileser III (745–727 BC) when he invaded the northern kingdom, as documented in his annals (Pritchard 1958: 193–94) and the Bible (2 Kgs 15:29–30). 2008 Evidence for Inerrancy from a Second Unexpected Source: The Jubilee and Sabbatical Cycles. Then the outside entrance to the spring was sealed with a massive stone wall and concealed with earth so a besieging enemy could not discover it. 2.5; 2.22; 2.27). A treasure trove of 382 carved ivory artifacts, including ornaments and combs, discovered in one of its rooms testifies to ancient Megiddo’s wealth and sophistication. Your email address will not be published. The city now had the convenience of a freshwater source inside its walls. 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In the days of King Solomon, the city became the governor’s center. I mention this since it is better to know which is which before you join.We have joined the free tours made by volunteers (that I mentioned above), and they are of the second type. The palace remains, the water supply, and fascinating archaeological findings are evidence to a life in one of the earliest times known today. Also from this period is a large round pit, whose walls are faced with rough stone. Other highlights along the path around the mound include: • A flight of well-preserved stone steps from around the 7th century BC, leading from the city gates down to a plastered pool. One interesting fact is that Tel Hazor National Park and several other places have the same gate. The 1918 Battle of Megiddo, in which General Allenby led British, Indian, Australian and New Zealand troops against the Ottoman Turks, was decisive in the Allied conquest of Palestine. Only a small amount of water was seen at the spring in this 2006 photo. And if you take a closer look at the stones to the right, you will be able to see ancient stairs leading down. If correct, it was David who built a new city, referred to in 1 Kings, over the remains of the previous one. The shaft itself is at a small angle so that the water will flow into the trench. 95–111 in Verses in Ancient Near Eastern Prose, eds. As Thutmose III claimed in the 15th century BC, “Capturing Megiddo is as good as capturing 1000 cities”. Johannes C. deMoor and Wilfred G.E. The house you enter serves as a small store where you can buy souvenirs, ice cream, and entrance tickets. Photos and video clips you can't stop watching... Tel Megiddo in northern Israel tells the story of Megiddo, one of the strongest and most important cities of Canaan thousands of years ago. Within the Near East, they are concentrated in less arid regions, including Upper Mesopotamia, the Southern Levant, Anatolia, and Iran.