Palmae have tightly wrapped rootballs which requires great care when planting. The tree typically has no more than 6 fronds at any one time. Palm trees are accustomed to growing in conditions similar to those found in our homes; consistently warm temperatures, average humidity, and bright to medium light. They are so easy to grow that in some regions have even become invasive, such as in the US state of Florida. This brightly colored palm hails from New Caledonia in the South Pacific, where it grows in the rainforest. The leaflets can measure between 3 and 4 feet each, making this a very broad tree when fully grown. It can withstand snow and temperatures as low as 0 °F. The feathered fronds of the areca palm give it an attractive tropical look, though it is technically classified as a bamboo palm because its stalks resemble bamboo when mature. It can grow to around 8 feet in height, though typically doesn’t get much bigger than 5 or 6 feet tall when grown indoors. The abundance of palms may also be considered in relation to numbers of species per genus, in that a few palm genera have large numbers of species. Maldives Palm Tree. It is categorized as a feathered type of palm and grows very slowly. The needle palm grows at a moderate rate and can tolerate frequent watering. You can expect a mature red feather palm to reach heights in excess of 20 feet, but as a slow grower, this can take a while to achieve. This makes palms an ideal houseplant, though it is obviously an enormous palm tree in the middle of your living room isn’t going to be practical! Palm trees are exotic plants native to warm and temperate climates, but since some varieties are cold hardy or suitable for use as houseplants, even those of us living in cooler regions are able to make a home for these stunning trees. The windmill palm is native to China and is medium in size, typically growing to 25 feet tall with leaves measuring 3 feet across. These include the following. 1512 1252 190. Related Images: palm trees beach palm tropical sea. The pindo palm, also known as the jelly palm, is the hardiest palm of the feathered type. While they won’t exhibit much new growth in low light conditions, they will survive and maintain a healthy appearance. When young, the trunk takes on a different appearance, with the bottle shape only taking form as the tree matures. Its slow-growing nature also means it will not need to be frequently re-potted, making it extra easy to care for. • Chinese fan palms, also known as fountain palms, hail from China and Japan. The foliage of this tree is very unusual for a palm tree, and you’d be forgiven for thinking it wasn’t a true palm at all. This makes palms an ideal houseplant, though it is obviously an enormous palm tree in the middle of your living room isn’t going to be practical! The plant won’t quickly outgrow its home on your shelf or table, and it will not need to be re-potted each year. The concertina pattern is reminiscent of an open accordion, corrugated metal, or a pleated skirt. In its native habitat, it can grow to over 50 feet in height, but this is unlikely in home landscapes. The foliage of this tree takes the form of leaflets growing on gently arching fronds. This palm grows even more slowly than the kentia, but it can reach extraordinary heights when mature of around 10 feet, which is very tall for an indoor plant (though it grows much taller when grown outdoors). This palm is the state tree of Florida and South Carolina and is grown in abundance along the coastlines of both of these states, as well as in Georgia. It is happy in temperatures as low as 5 ºF, but any lower than this and the tree will start to show signs of ill health. It’s a favorite palm in South Florida, where trees typically grow to 40 feet tall. This plant likes to be watered moderately but can withstand some short periods of drought. Palms which grow well in containers include the following. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It goes by several common names, including Carolina palmetto, cabbage palmetto, and common palmetto. Once mature, it is drought-tolerant but can also handle soil that is too moist. Centres of abundance in numbers of species occur in mixed tropical and subtropical forests in both the American and the Asian tropics. This tree grows to between 25 and 30 feet tall, with leaves spanning up to 5 feet. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. If you live outside of USDA hardy zones 10 and 11, you will need to bring this tree indoors during the winter to protect it from the cold. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The fishtail palm can grow to heights of 15 to 20 feet, so once mature, it will be too big and heavy to transport, making it suitable only for growing in climates where it does not need to be portable. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. This is one of the most popular palms for indoor use due to its easy-going nature, which requires little in the way of care and its ability to withstand low light. Several other genera, Licuala, Pinanga, Chamaedorea, and Daemonorops, have more than 100 species each. To grow this plant indoors, allow it bright, indirect light and mist it regularly. It can grow to heights of 30 feet. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Areca palms cope well with low light, but it does inhibit their ability to grow. We’ve narrowed down the most popular types of palms into manageable categories to help you discover the best type of palm for your home or garden. The carnauba wax palm (Copernicia alba) occurs in solid stands hundreds of square kilometres in extent in the northeastern section of the Paraguayan Chaco Boreal and adjacent Bolivia and Brazil, the largest stands in this region alone containing possibly 500 million plants. The small number of species per genus reflects the large amount of endemism in the family. E.g. It enjoys a variety of lighting conditions, from bright, indirect light to shade. The bottle palm tree has a unique look and is so-called due to its trunk, which bulges out at the bottom to give the shape of a bottle. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. The pindo palm is tolerant of low temperatures and grows well in cool regions. The plant can tolerate temperatures as low as 0 ºF. Its needle-like leaves are sharp and pointed, growing in clumps from the ground upwards, so it may not be the best choice of plant for your home garden if there are small children running around. white and red boat on beach during daytime. Container grown palms will have limited growth in terms of height, which is preferable if you have a smaller garden or don’t want the tree to take over a large space.
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